Special education in Mexico

The General Education Law, Article 41, states that "special education is designed for people with disabilities, temporary or permanent , as well as those with outstanding skills.

It will serve the learners appropriately according to their own conditions, including social equity and gender perspective. 

With this in mind, Special Education for individuals with disabilities can be achieved in two ways:

1) Through the integration of students with mild disabilities in regular schools with the philosophy of inclusive classrooms (classrooms where everyone feels included and receives within it what they need to progress in learning content and values ​​) where they perceive that they not only receive but can also contribute. The main objective is the enforcement of the right to education for all, with emphasis on learning in the fields of language and communication, mathematical thinking , exploration and understanding of the natural and social world, as well as personal development and coexistence.

This occurs through the work of an interdisciplinary group of professionals known as Unit Support Services in Regular Schools ( USAER ) who 's mission is to ensure quality education for all, but with special attention to people with disabilities and those at risk of being excluded , marginalized or are in danger of leaving school.

2) Special education for people with disabilities provided by the Center for Multiple Attention (CAM ), which provides initial and basic ( preschool, primary and secondary) education for those with multiple disabilities or severe developmental disabilities.  For example those children or young people who are totally dependent physically and emotionally, have difficulty being admitted to mainstream schools. The CAM also provides guidance, advice, workshops and conferences for families of students who attend these schools.

However, as a society, we still have much to do, it is vital for an awareness program at the cultural level where special education teaches manners and behaviors to society, such as respect for all the people around us, since we can constantly observe a rejection of people with disabilities and this, in many cases, is not allowing them to be integrated into society.

To learn more about this topic in the next article, we will talk about the programs that exist in Mexico which provide transitional training to adult life for people with disabilities.  Opportunities are open to college-aged youth who can perform various activities that contribute to their personal and professional training so they can be ready to be independent and productive.  Also, we will write about Special Education for children and youth with outstanding skills and/or specific talents.  If you have a genius at home, who supports you? How is he/she being evaluated to see about their needs? Who do you contact? Is there a special school for them? This and much more on our next articles.

 

Source: http://educacionespecial.sepdf.gob.mx/definicion.aspx

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